Fluids, from oceans to laboratories, are common denominators of the most up-to-date aesthetic and functional research in Swiss watches. Water, because it is a valuable and important element for human life and our planet, is very damaging and dangerous for watches. Not only can the infiltration into the mechanism be dangerous, sometimes it cannot be repaired, its function, but also the moisture is very damaging. In such a way that is a good part of the development of modern watches, with watches that are far more exposed to external agents than their pocket ancestors, based on the search for the best waterproof. Produce extraordinary results, as shown by the many and varied diving watch production.
But there are some very young and equally innovative brands such as Breitling Superocean that, with liquids and liquids have become familiar, to the point not only don't avoid them, but even bring them into their own watches. So here is HYT-The Hydro Mechanical Horologist, a company that has developed working hours thanks to hybrid mechanical systems, which are basically based on fluid mechanics, capillary, innovative materials, and intuitive clock readings. Along the outer ring a transparent tube dial is placed where the liquid flows thanks to the small bellows which are operated by the clockwork mechanism that moves fluid, so as to display the development of the clock along the graduating scale. Other brands of fluids incorporated into watches have made it the reason for technological innovation and the extraordinary aesthetic point of view is Ressence, (an acronym of the French words "renaissance" and "essentielle", meaning "rebirth" and "essential" and they defines it well), with the disappearance of the traditional hand centered in the center, replaced by an index embedded in the spinning and coplanar disk.
The basis of the operation of each Ressence model is the patent "Ressence Orbital Convex System", a device immersed in a special liquid (about 35 milliliters in total), not visible to the naked eye, but which completely eliminates refraction between the glass and dial. The titanium membrane then isolates the mechanism (with manual windings and Swiss production), while its function is activated by magnetic transmission. From the research laboratory, we returned to the water with new MB & F creations, Max Busser's work group and "Friends", who created Aquapod, a three-dimensional clock that looks like a sea creature, jellyfish in a specific.
And finally, Rolex, whose ideal environment is always water, carefully guarding his watch. In fact, the sign with the crown not only recognized the superiority of developing the first truly waterproof watch - Oyster (oysters) in 1928 - but also that from greater depth it was reached in the depths of the sea - 10,916 meters, in 1960 in Fossa delle Marianne - thanks to the experimental model. It goes without saying that the entire production of Rolex has precisely its strong point in the evolution of sustainable functional reliability, closely related to water-resistant watches.
The IWC Foundation, which stands for International Watch Company, appeared in 1868 by Florentine Ariosto Jones, who intends to produce quality watches for the American market. Entrepreneurs from Boston, in ten years, succeeded in starting a leading industrial reality, thanks also to the factory built in Schaffhausen, near the famous waterfall, using hydroelectric energy originating from the Rhine river.
Officine Panerai is one of the many advantages of the Belpa language, which is based in Florence from the second half of the 19th century, where they specialized in underwater instruments, including military equipment, including watches. History recently saw the brand, which is now owned by Richempont Group, focusing exclusively on watches and launching, in Switzerland, on its own production, at the Neuchatel factory.
In general, more and more watch companies are developing research related to the adaptation of watches to underwater conditions.