Cultivators have long been growing marijuana plants to have specific look, taste, and effects on the user. Each cannabis strain highlights a different concentration of cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinoids tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) alongside other compounds.
Presently, reports state that the effect of different marijuana strains arises primarily from people’s experiences. While researchers are studying the effects of various cannabis strains on a wide array of medical conditions, they still have a long way to go in this area.
What is a Marijuana Strain?
All strains of cannabis are derived from the Cannabaceae family of plants with two subspecies Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. Cultivators choose a selection of traits to create various strains with the effects they want. The three main types of cannabis strains are Sativa, Indica, and hybrid. Hybrid strains are created by combining Indica and Sativa strains.
These three types of marijuana strains are classified based on the various plant shapes, structures, and features. Consumers have always thought that Indicas have sedating effects while Sativas promote energy. Nonetheless, researchers have demystified this effects-based classification.
Presently, marijuana is largely classified based on its chemical composition—THC, CBD, and other components.
- High-THC, low-CBD — more euphoric
- High-CBD, low-THC — more clear-headed
- Balanced CBD and THC — mildly euphoric
Each of these chemotypes offers unique medical benefits and effect profiles.
Differences Between Strains
The terms Indica and Sativa are classified based on their physical characteristics. Cannabis indica plants are shorter and have broad, dark green leaves, whereas Sativa plants grow tall and develop thinner, paler green leaves.
Previously, people differentiated the cannabis plants based on their effects and THC or CBD content. Cannabis indica-derived plants were thought to contain higher levels of CBD. Hence, dispensaries selling Indica-derived strains marketed the product as something that would lead to a more ‘relaxed high.’
On the other hand, marijuana strains derived from the Sativas plants contained higher THC levels, resulting in a more energetic high.
Some popular cannabis strains used to cure insomnia or other sleep disorders are lemon sour diesel, OG Shark, and skywalker. Whereas Jack Herer, Island sweet skunk, and white widow are preferred for mental health conditions like anxiety and depression.
Choosing The Right Strain
The right strain for you will primarily depend on the effects you want. Cannabis features a wide array of medical uses, and some strains are better for specific conditions than others.
If you have never smoked before, you might be overwhelmed by the number of strains available on the market. Focus on what you are looking to get from smoking marijuana. Are you looking for something to help you relax after a tiring day? Or, do you need a strain that will cure your sore muscles?
If it is the former, you might want to look at Sativa weed for sale online. If you are unable to reach a decision, talking to your local budtender can help. Ideally, beginners should choose a strain with lower THC as that means a less potent effect.
THC, CBD, and CBN are the three main cannabinoids found in cannabis. THC, the abbreviated form of tetrahydrocannabinol, is the psychoactive compound that’s usually associated with the “high.” Typically, most medical strains that help seizures and anxiety are low THC, high CBD strains.
Conversely, CBD, aka cannabidiol, is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. While experts are still studying the effects of CBD on the human body, it might help with seizures, anxiety, depression, and inflammation. A few medical strains high in THC are intended for addressing pain, lack of appetite, and nausea.
It is also worth researching the potential side effects of various strains. Using some of the more common strains results in dry eyes and mouth and dizziness. Marijuana can also potentially interact with other medications you might be taking. So, ensure you consult your doctor first.
Enjoy the Experience of Marijuana Strains
Cannabis cultivators are constantly crossbreeding plants to develop new strains with different CBD levels, THC, and other active compounds. As a result, cannabis is readily available today more than ever, making it vital that consumers get clear and accurate information on the effects of different marijuana strains for both medical and recreational purposes.
Each plant features different medicinal, recreational purposes. And researchers are constantly striving to netter study and understand this complex plant and its effects on humans. In such a scenario, knowing the composition alongside the mental and physiological effects of marijuana plants on your body will help you find the appropriate strain in such a scenario.