Skin conditions don't affect teenagers only. Acne can also affect adults, causing blackheads, uncomfortable white pimples, pustules, and cysts, which require the use of carefully formulated skincare products.
Luckily, there are products at brands like Misumi tailored to meet even the most sensitive and unique skin types for those dealing with breakouts and delicate complexions. Acne affects over 40% of women between the ages of 25 and 40, compared to only 10% of men, whether it be on the face, back, or chest.
What is Acne?
Acne is an inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands. These glands produce sebum, a fatty substance that protects the skin and the scalp. Pimples develop when these sebaceous glands become clogged with sebum and pollutants.
Propionibacterium acnes, a bacterium often not very prevalent on the epidermis, will emerge due to this abundant sebum. Both in adults and teenagers, this bacterium is the main cause to blame for acne. This skin condition presents differently in adults. The back, chin, and jaw are the most common areas for acne.
Degrees of Acne Severity
If only a few comedones occasionally appear on the face, acne is considered minimal. Meanwhile, when numerous lesions (pustules, papules, and blackheads) infest the face and adjacent places like the shoulders, back, or chest, there is an acne infection. Lastly, severe acne is characterized by painful, deep nodules, cysts, and pimples that leave noticeable scars on the skin.
Root Causes of Acne
It's not just puberty and hormone surges that cause acne. Acne can also appear around the age of 30. In this instance, multiple things work in its favor:
- Adult acne may result from hormonal changes brought on by the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, or the use of certain contraceptives;
- Stress: the body's synthesis of the stress hormone cortisol causes an increase in sebum production;
- Family history: The sebaceous glands may be more or less susceptible to hormonal changes depending on the family background;
- Diet: Sugar, fat, and processed foods encourage the development of acne.
- Insulin surges cause skin pore clogging and sebum production;
- Lifestyle: Pollutants, alcohol, and smoke;
- Makeup that is too occlusive or cream that isn't right for your skin type are examples of products that might cause acne breakouts.
Possible Acne Treatments
How can we get rid of all of the acne? Is an adult acne cream sufficient to restore youthful skin? In any situation, you should seek medical advice from a dermatologist. Some types of acne can leave significant physical and psychological scars.
Your age, the severity of the acne, the psychological impact, the therapies you've already undergone—all of these factors will help the doctor recommend a course of action. To treat adult acne effectively, all of these requirements must be met.
Taking good care of your skin is the first step in treating acne. There are various options for this:
- Use a micellar lotion, purifying cleansing gel, or bar soap to wash your face in the morning and evening;
- To regulate sebum production and tighten pores, hydrate the face with a non-comedogenic cream for combination to oily skin or with a mattifying gel;
- Use erythromycin, local retinoids, or benzoyl peroxide-based therapy.
- These topical medications are frequently given by a dermatologist and should be used particularly in the evening.
Your doctor can recommend oral medication in addition to local therapy. The various options frequently used are as follows:
- Zinc, used as a last option to treat minor acne;
- Antibiotics (cyclins) for those with inflammatory acne or those who are unable to take benzoyl peroxide treatments;
- Hormone therapy, as some medications work well for hormonal acne;
- Isotretinoin is a medication that must be closely monitored by a dermatologist and is primarily used to treat extremely severe or antibiotic-resistant acne.
In parallel with traditional therapies, it is possible to take advantage of the benefits of plants to ease acne breakouts or diminish scars. For instance, burdock is well known for its anti-microbial and draining qualities. It can be applied locally and taken orally (in capsule form). In the form of a tincture, all you have to do is place a drop on a cotton swab and apply it to the pimple.
The advantages of burdock, wild pansy, and nettle are also combined in some natural supplements for acne-prone skin. Make sure to explore the market and get a natural product to treat your skin.