The prices of oil are constantly changing, and this can drastically affect the oil and gas upstream industry. However, these effects on the upstream industry impact a wider circle of businesses such as energy providers and plastic producers due to changing prices and fuel efficiency.
Upstream Oil Companies
Unlike downstream companies, who generally benefit from falling oil prices, upstream companies are directly affected when it comes to falling oil prices as their sale of oil is determined by the current market for it. Due to the fact that the costs of their production, such as drilling for oil and excavating ideal locations, are largely fixed at the same rate, this means that they will be selling their oil at a smaller margin than usual. This then ensures that they will be making a loss, which will become evident in their share prices.
Manufacturers are extremely affected by the cost of oil and their falling prices as manufacturing companies help to supply the materials needed to build the rigs that are used in drilling procedures. Falling oil prices will mean that less upstream companies will be investing in expanding their drilling locations, and many businesses even become integrated so that they can focus on the downstream sector of the oil business.
Financial companies and the economy will also be greatly affected by the price of oil because when oil prices are high, they choose to partake in capital investment which can buoy their company. However, when oil prices are low, this can significantly impact finance companies as their investment will have a smaller return value. Additionally, banks that offer loans to oil companies will be financially diminished since the oil companies in question will be unable to pay back the loan on offer.
However, for some industries, it is rising oil prices which can become detrimental to business. The cost of your energy can fluctuate at any time for many reasons such as seasonal oil demand. However, rising oil costs and the prices incurred by oil upstream industries can also affect energy providers as the price of heating oil to provide you with gas will increase. These prices change due to demand, supply, and even the political situation. This will, in turn, affect the costs that businesses have to incur to keep their utilities running. To ensure that you are getting the best deal on your businesses’ energy bills, you should use a business utilities comparison service which can help you to keep track of the latest and most affordable prices as well as advice on how to save on your energy bills.
Plastic industries use oil and fuel to create their materials, and this is simply not sustainable if oil prices rise. The market conditions will decrease at the same time as investing in oil will become unsustainable, ensuring that their costs will be higher. In times such as these, many companies including those investing in plastics choose to focus on renewable energy systems instead.
Fluctuating oil prices can impact different industries through various measures. Both low and high oil prices can have a negative effect on different businesses and a positive effect on others depending on their place in the oil industry.