Xenophobia, alienation and nationalism in South Africa: Is it justified?

At the wake of recent xenophobic violence in South Africa, this insightful article questions the reasoning behind it and if it's justifiable or not.

Xenophobia, alienation and nationalism in South Africa: Is it justified?
The precise number of immigrants in South Africa has been a bone of contention over the past decade or so, and incongruities and irregularities have mostly arisen from the accountability, or lack thereof, of non-documented migrants. The closest approximation, I believe, has come from the Migration Data Portal run by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) which claimed through statistical data in 2017 that South Africa had a total number of four million immigrants. Some scholars, however, profess that this figure is very conservative and place the number at six million. Others argue that South Africa is really not that much of a ‘perfect destination’ to attract so many people and assert the four million as an overestimation and unnecessary pageant of South Africa’s socio-economic prowess. Whatever statistical viewpoint one may have, the fundamentals are clear - South Africa could potentially have the same migration crisis as other safe zones in the world like Turkey and Spain. However, if last month’s xenophobic attacks are anything to go by, the locals aren’t necessarily the biggest fanatics of this mass incursion of people in the southernmost African state.
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